SMART catalyzes and collaborates in multi-disciplinary research that spurs and enhances implementation of sustainable transportation systems in communities and regions around the world. It concentrates on integrative approaches, new conceptual frameworks, new business models, and policies that support accessibility, livable cities, environmental sustainability, and social equity as well as New Mobility industry development and job creation. SMART is currently evolving a multi-disciplinary, multi-stakeholder, international collaborative research network linking elements related to its five areas of special focus and its on-the ground projects.
Current Research Underway includes but is not limited to:
Catalyzing the New Mobility In Cities. The research component of this Rockefeller Foundation-supported project focuses on new business models for New Mobility solutions worldwide, with an emphasis on India, South Africa, Brazil, and the Philippines, and a special stream related to serving the needs of the urban poor. As part of this project, a new award called “MobiPrize” has been created to profile entrepreneurs and their ventures that contribute to New Mobility solutions. The full cohort of applicants to the prize form the foundation of a listing or register of New Mobility ventures, supporting knowledge-gathering on New Mobility trends, as well as providing a platform for profiling emerging innovations (products, services, technologies) and developing online B to B networks that support New Mobility business development. A component of this project also collaborates with the Ateneo School of Government (ASOG) in Manila Philiippines to map and pilot integrated New Mobility solutions and examine opportunities through this process to serve the transportation needs of Manila’s urban poor.Until October 2012 SMART will engage in a range of activities that will culminate in a final search report responding to the following key learning questions:
2) What are the market barriers and enablers to implementing these business models?
3) What are the policy barriers and enablers to implementing these business models?
4) How can these models be scaled within cities and replicated across cities?
Overall, the work will aim to:
b. Identify urban poor groups that can surface models and are already working in this space towards similar outcomes
c. Convene stakeholders to gather and disseminate information about business models and prove that they are beneficial to the poor populations
b. Convene concerned parties that could serve as the core group for collaborative networks of stakeholders
c. Support mapping of mobility systems and disseminating learnings
d. Convene stakeholders to improve knowledge of mobility systems among civic and city leaders and discuss how to break down barriers and promote enablers
The Alcoa Foundation has provided support for SMART in developing and applying practical solutions to the challenges of sustainable transportation in the Detroit and Beijing regions. SMART is now part of Alcoa Foundation’s $4 million Advancing Sustainability Research: Innovative Partnerships for Actionable Solutions initiative that funds 10 global sustainability research projects in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Russia and the United States.
The project marries knowledge and action on sustainable transportation and related sustainable economic development in two cities that are vastly different and yet face challenges and opportunities that might offer wider lessons for advancing sustainable transportation in other regions and communities around the world.
The projected outcomes of the SMART initiative are to:
In addition to SMART, the Advancing Sustainability Research: Innovative Partnerships for Actionable Solutions initiative includes other partners in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Europe and Russia working on solutions related to Wetlands, Life Cycle Assessment, Voluntary Emissions Reduction and NGO Participation, Energy and Environmental Economics, Lightweight Materials and Design, and more. Over the course of two years, partners will create and leverage this sustainability research, as well as provide opportunities to develop and share solutions worldwide. For more information about Alcoa Foundation, go to: www.alcoa.com/foundation.
Hub Network Research Project in Tyson’s Corner / Fairfax
PROJETO MASSUR – Mobilidad e Accessibilidade Sustenaveis em Saude Urbana: Pesquisa e Transformacao em Transporte. FAJ (Faculdade Jaguariuna)
As part of the research, FAJ students Patrick Pereira, Alessangela Soriani, Anelise Torres, andDaniela dos Santos recently completed Phase One of a Research Project Focused on Sustainable Transportation Success Stories in Brazil. It was accompanied by a summary Success Stories PowerPoint presentation.
New Mobility, Public Health, and Human Rights. This Ford Motor Company-support research explores the links between innovative transport and IT solutions and serving the health and accessibility needs of all transport users.
Metropolitan Accessibility and Transportation Sustainability: Comparative Indicators for Policy Reform. Jonathan Levine, Joseph Grengs, Carl Simon (University of Michigan SMART / CARSS), Qing Shen (University of Maryland). Supported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the University of Michigan Graham Environmental Sustainability Institute (GESI), the Federal Highway Administration and the Federal Highway Administration Office of Acquisition and Management, and M-CASTL (the Michigan Center for Advancing Safe Transportation throughout the Lifespan) (2006 – 2009).... read more
Urban Transportation in a Carbon-Constrained World --- Consumer Response to a Knowledge-Based Multi-Modal Transportation System. David Chock, Richard Gonzalez, Peter Sweatman, Sue Zielinski. This study seeks to understand how an integrated real-time multi-modal transportation and information system would impact consumers’ choices (in different road transportation and travel miles contexts) in selected cities, and explores business opportunities enabled by a seamlessly integrated knowledge-based multi-modal mobility system in those same cities. This study has recently received support from the Alcoa Foundation for work in Beijing, from the University of Michigan MMPEI PISET program for a Post Doc, and from the University of Michigan Graham Institute for an Integrated Assessment related to policy implications in West Coast Cities including Los Angeles, Pasadena, San Francisco, and Portland. Watch the SMART blog for updates.
New Mobility Industry Development
SMART’s New Mobility industry development research has been undertaken with the support of a range of partners in particular the Ford Motor Company, but also the Rockefeller Foundation, the Alcoa Foundation, the Erb Institute at the University of Michigan, and in collaboration with the University of Illinois at Chicago, the Georgia Institute of Technology, the Illinois Institute of Design, the Confederation of Indian Industry, the Prince of Wales Business and Environment Program, the Cambridge Program for Industry, and a range of business leaders, public officials, and community and non-governmental groups in India, South Africa, and now parts of the U.S.
It focuses on opportunities, conditions, and implications related to New Mobility industry development, an area that is to date relatively unexplored. Primarily related to SMART’s pilot projects (Living Labs), research concentrates on new business models, strategic alliances for cross-sectoral industry development, marketing New Mobility (in relation to values and aspirations associated with transportation choices), and policy implications and directions for New Mobility industry and employment development.
Completed Research and Related Publication includes:
Connecting (and Transforming) the Future of Transportation: A Brief and Practical PRIMER for Implementing Sustainable Door- to-Door Transportation Systems in Communities and Regions. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/69252. This is a primer outlining the process SMART takes collaboratively with partner Living Labs in communities and regions around the world. The primer is based on mapping and implementation experience and analysis in partner communities.
National Academy of Sciences and TRB Scan on the Future of Transportation 30 – 50 years out
The Future of Cities, Information, and Inclusion
As information technology spreads beyond the desktop into every corner of citizens’ lives, it will provide a new set of tools for poor and excluded groups to re-engineer their relationship with government, the built environment, and each other.
Luoma, Juha, Michael Sivak and Susan Zielinski. (2010) The Future of Personal Transportation in Megacities of the World. UMTRI-2010-2.
New Mobility: The Next Generation of Sustainable Urban Transportation. Published in the Bridge, Magazine of the National Academy of Engineering and reprinted in the magazine of the Australian National Academy of Engineers. http://www.nae.edu/nae/bridgecom.nsf/weblinks/MKEZ-6WHPJK?OpenDocument . Susan Zielinski (University of Michigan SMART / CARSS).
Emerging Private Sector Roles in Urban Transport: Case Study of an Innovative Telecom-GIS Solution in Bangalore. Journal of Urban Technology (Vol 18, NO. 3, July 2011, 67-80). The article examines the role of public-private innovation in the development of the Bangalore Transport Information System (BTIS). BTIS is a successful example of new institutional arrangements that integrate perspectives, needs, and tools developed in all sectors of society to address the increasing complexity of transportation problems in Indian cities facing rapid socioeconomic transformation. The lessons learned in the Bangalore case have been applied to other cities in India and have potential for other countries. To access the article, go to http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10630732.2011.615568. Ashwin Mahesh (Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore), Susan Zielinski (University of Michigan SMART/ CARSS), Moira Zellner (University of Illinois at Chicago), M.N. Reddi (Bangalore Traffic Police, Deepak Mehrotra (Mobility Business, Bharti Airtel).
Levine, Jonathan, and Lawrence Frank. (2007) Transportation and Land-Use Preferences and Residents’ Neighborhood Choices: The Sufficiency of Compact Development on the Atlanta Region. Forthcoming, Transportation.
Levine, Jonathan, Aseem Inam and Gwo-Wei Torng. (2005) A Choice-Based Rationale for Land-Use and Transportation Alternatives: Evidence from Boston and Atlanta. Journal of Planning Education and Research 24(3):317-330.
Levine, Jonathan. (2006) Zoned Out: Regulation, Markets, and Choices in Transportation and Metropolitan Land Use. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future Press.
A Strategy for Improved US / EU Collaboration in Transportation Research. Contribution to a collaborative report developed by the TRB / ECTRI Working Group on EU/US Transport Research Co-operation Issues. C. Almeras (ECTRI - France), A Aparicio (CEDEX - Spain), G. Bourgeois, (INRETS, France), O.A. Elrahman (NYDOT, USA), D. Elston (FHWA, USA), M. Fraissard (World Bank, USA), G.A. Giannopoulos (Hellenic Institute of Transport, Greece), J Halkias (FHWA, USA), B Lenz (DLR, Germany), W. Lum (Caltrans, USA), J.P. Medevielle (INRETS, France), M. Meyers (Georgia Tech, USA), M. Micozzi (TRB, USA), J. Munro (FHWA, USA), N. Paulley (TRL, U.K.), C. Pronello (POLITO / COST, Italy), J. Prozzi (Texas University, USA), A. Skarbardonis (U.C. Berkeley / PATH, USA), D. Wurzel (DLR / ECTRI, Germany), S. Zielinski (University of Michigan SMART/CARSS, USA). Link forthcoming upon completion. (2008)
Community Based Building of Integrated, Dynamic Complex Systems Models For Sustainable Fuel Pathways. David Featherman, Thomas Gladwin, Douglas Kelbaugh, Carl Simon, all from the University of Michigan SMART / CARSS program. Supported by the National Science Foundation Human and Social Dynamics (HSD) Program. (2005 – 2008).... read more
Future Research Directions in Sustainable Mobility and Accessibility